Depression in Adolescents
January 25, 2011 by admin
Filed under Adolescent Health Issues
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Depression in adolescents can be a disorder which happens as a result of persistent sadness, loss of interest, loss of self worth and discouragement. Depression is normally a temporary reaction towards scenarios of anxiety. Depression is really a regular aspect of the maturation procedure of adolescents. It’s even induced because of production of sex hormones. Adolescent females are depressed twice a lot more than adolescent boys based on a study.
Adolescent behavior is normally marked with great and poor moods. The transition from a great mood to poor mood and vice-versa, can take minutes, hours as well as days. That’s the cause why accurate depression is really challenging to locate out. Depression in adolescents may be brought on as a result of poor school efficiency, break up with boyfriend or girlfriend, and failing relations with buddies and loved ones. These causes can result in persistent depression. Other severe causes are chronic illness, obesity, kid abuse, stressful life-style, poor social abilities, unstable care giving and depression in loved ones history.
Signs and symptoms of depression in adolescents are consuming disorders, weight alter, irritable mood, excessive sleeping in daytime, excessive temper, criminal behavior, memory loss, fatigue, self preoccupation, sadness, difficulty in concentrating, worthlessness feelings, loss of interest, self hatred, obsession with death and believed & attempts of suicides. When these signs and symptoms are being noticed for a lot more than two weeks, it’s important to get treatment for the adolescent. Depression not only affects interpersonal relationships, but school efficiency as well. Depressed adolescents are a lot more prone to take onto drugs and alcohol as an attempt to overcome their depression. Such problems require intensive treatment.
The doctor will take blood test and perform physical examination to determine the cause of depression. The adolescent can also be tested for substance abuse such as smoking, heavy alcohol consumption, marijuana smoking, and usage of other drugs. After the physical examination, psychiatric evaluation is also done to understand the cause of sadness, loss of interest and irritability. Depression can also result in the development of other psychiatric disorders such as schizophrenia, mania and anxiety. It really is also important to determine whether the adolescent poses a risk for himself/herself and others. Family members and school personnel can provide valuable information about the adolescent to the doctor.
Treatment for depression for adolescent is similar to the treatment of depression for adults. Along with the treatment, the adolescent are given antidepressant medication and psychotherapy. Antidepressant medications include tricyclics, Prozac, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors or SSRI. Some of the medicines increase the risk, so it’s an excellent idea that parents discuss the possible risks with the doctor. Only some of the antidepressant medications are meant for children and adolescents. Adolescents with severe depression need to be hospitalized as they are much more prone to kill themselves.
Loved ones and school support is necessary to tackle the depression of the adolescent. Parents can get their children admitted in emotional growth schools, boot camps or wilderness programs, to solve the behavioral problems. These programs consist of non medical staff and confrontational therapies. But care must be taken as some of the programs can in turn harm children who are depressed and sensitive. Adolescents, who get caught as a result of criminal offense, should be taken special care of by their parents. It’s best that the kid face the consequences and learn a lesson from it. Depressed adolescents respond well to treatment if they are treated comprehensively and early. Much more than half of the adults are known to have depression when they were in their teens.
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