March 24, 2011 by admin
Filed under Adolescent Health Issues
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Adolescent pregnancy in ninety nine percent of the instances is undesirable and could be the main consequence of adolescent sexual activity, apart from STDs. This concern has affected youth, households, educators, well being care experts, and government official. A study on the high school adolescents has concluded that forty eight percent of the males and forty 5 percent of the females are sexually active. 1 fourth of the high school students had sexual get in touch with by fifteen years of age. The typical age of boys is sixteen along with a girl is seventeen, who’ve had intercourse. Ninety percent of adolescents, within the age range of fifteen to nineteen, say their pregnancy is unintended.
Seventy 4 percent of females above fourteen years and sixty percent of females beneath fifteen years have reported to have involuntary sex. Fifty percent of the adolescent pregnancies are inside the time period of six months following the initial sexual intercourse. Much more than nine hundred thousand teenagers are reported to have turn out to be pregnant each and every year within the United States. Fifty 1 percent of the adolescent pregnancies outcome in reside birth, thirty 5 percent outcome in induced abortion and fourteen percent outcome in stillbirths or miscarriages. 4 out of ten adolescent females get pregnant, prior to they turn twenty, at the very least as soon as. Twenty 5 percent of adolescent deliveries arent the mothers 1st kid. When a teenager provides birth to her 1st kid, she increases the threat of begetting yet another kid. 1 third of the adolescent parents are themselves outcome of adolescent pregnancies.
There are numerous factors why adolescents select to turn out to be sexually active at an early stage in life. The factors may be early pubertal improvement, poverty, sexual abuse in childhood, lack of parents interest, lack of profession objectives, loved ones and cultural patterns of early sex, substance abuse, dropping out from school and poor school efficiency. Aspects which discourage an adolescent to grow to be sexually active are stable family members atmosphere, parental supervision, great family members earnings, typical prayers, connectedness with parents and living with total loved ones and each the parents. The aspects that are responsible for the constant use of contraceptive amongst adolescents are academic good results, anticipation for effective future, and involvement in a stable romantic relationship.
There are numerous medical risks linked with adolescent pregnancies. Adolescents who’re much less than seventeen years are at a higher threat of creating medical complications, when compared to adult females. The threat is much more in teenagers beneath seventeen. The weight of the kid, given birth by an adolescent, is extremely low in these pregnancies. It’s typically beneath 2.five kilogram. The rate of neonatal birth is also 3 occasions higher in adolescents, when compared to adults. Other issues triggered by adolescent pregnancies are prematurity of the kid, birth of underweight kid, poor maternal weight acquire, poor nutritional status, anemia, STDs and hypertension induced because of pregnancy.
Even though there’s an improve within the use of contraceptive techniques by adolescents throughout their 1st sexual get in touch with, only sixty 3 percent of the high school students have stated to make use of condom although having sex previously. Adolescents, who use prescription contraceptives, delay their doctors go to till the time they turn out to be sexually active for more than a year.
Based on a study, youngsters who’ve participated in sex education programs which gave them information about contraception techniques, abstinence, sexually transmitted diseases and youngsters who involved in discussions so that you can get a clear picture, employed contraceptives and condoms successfully with out any improve in sexual activity. The Center for Illness Control & Prevention has stated that the solution for undesirable adolescent pregnancies and STDs are barrier contraceptive use and abstinence.
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