Acne in Adolescents

March 21, 2011 by  
Filed under Adolescent Health Issues

Acne is among the most widespread difficulties in adolescent teens affecting almost seventeen million folks within the United States. Acne is absolutely nothing but a disorder involving sebaceous glands and hair follicles. Acne outcomes from the clogging of sebaceous glands leading towards the formation of pimples and cysts. The situation generally starts using the onset of puberty. Going by the details, as teens attain puberty the androgens also referred to as male sex hormones are produced in high quantity leading to sebaceous glands becoming more than active which outcomes in sebum becoming produced in high proportions.

Sebum, which is absolutely nothing but oil is produced by sebaceous glands which travel towards the skin surface by means of hair follicles. But, skin cells block the follicles which outcomes in oil also becoming blocked. When these hair follicles are blocked it outcomes within the improvement of skin bacteria identified as Propionibacterium Acnes inside the follicles which in turn outcomes in swelling of the skin known as Acne. If the hair follicles are partially blocked it outcomes in blackheads. If the follicles are entirely blocked they outcome in whiteheads. But if these plugged follicles aren’t treated they ultimately burst causing the oil, bacteria and skin cells to spill all more than the skin resulting in irritation and formation of pimples. Acne may be shallow also as deep in numerous folks depending on the nature of skin and quantity of oil produced.

There may be different causes why Acne types. Apart from increasing hormone levels as a result of puberty it may also be attributed to particular other aspects like intake of drugs which include lithium, barbiturates and corticosteroids. Acne may also be brought on as a result of excess grease and oil within the scalp, because of cooking oil and use of some cosmetics can truly alleviate the acne issue. Acne issue numerous occasions is inherited also. Acne dilemma is worsened if the pimples are squeezed or scrubbed too tough.

Acne can type at any location of the physique but they most generally type within the locations exactly where there sebaceous glands are present in high proportions like face, chest, shoulders, neck and upper back. The signs and symptoms might differ from individual to individual but generally observed signs and symptoms are: formation of blackheads, whiteheads, lesions filled with pus and that are extremely painful and lastly nodules. 1 might get confused occasionally as signs and symptoms of acne might be like some other skin situation and it really is usually advised to consult a physician in this scenario.

You can find a lot of treatments obtainable right now to treat acne. The main objective of the therapy would be to decrease scars and much better appearance. You can find different treatments as well as the physician decides which certain therapy you’ll need according to: the extent of acne issue, age, medical history, overall well being, tolerance to particular medicines and procedures, expectations and last but not the least what patients choose.

Therapy of acne is classified into topical and systemic drug therapies that are given according to extent of severity. In some situations the mixture of each the techniques may well be the method to go for acne therapy. Topical medication is absolutely nothing but creams, gels, lotions, options and so on. prescribed to patients for acne therapy. A few of the examples of topical medication are: Benzoyl Peroxide which kills the Propionibacterium Acnes bacteria, antibiotics assists in stopping or slowing down the growth of the bacteria and also reduces inflammation, Tretinoin assists in stopping the formation of new acne lesions and Adapalene reduces formation of comedo.

Systemic drug therapies involve prescription of systemic antibiotics primarily for the therapy of acne dilemma which is moderate to severe in nature. The examples of antibiotics prescribed are Doxycycline, erythromycin and tetracycline. In some instances an oral drug referred to as Isotretinoin is prescribed for teenagers with severe acne dilemma which shrinks down the sebaceous glands that create oil. The outcomes are quite great and nearly ninety percent of the adolescents have good results with this oral drug. But the drug has some severe side-affects and thus it really is really crucial that 1 consults a physician prior to use.

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